Wheat nourishes more of the world's people than any other grain. Columbus brought it to the West in the late 15th century. Today the U.S. is among the top wheat-growing nations of the world. Winter wheat is planted in autumn and harvested in the spring. Spring wheat is planted in the spring, harvested in late summer. Wheat grains have three layers: bran, endosperm, and germ. Vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals reside mainly in the bran and germ. Kamut and spelt, also called farro, are two ancient strains of wheat sold mostly in health food stores.
- bran and germ layers rich in vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals
- whole-grain wheat provides health benefits absent from refined, white flour
- bran and germ are rich in disease fighting flavonoids, lignans, saponins, and phytosterols
- whole-grain wheat protects against weight gain and aids in weight loss